THEN RAISE past_due; -- this is not handled END IF; END; ------------- sub-block ends EXCEPTION WHEN past_due THEN -- does not handle RAISEd exception ... Syntax The syntax for the SQLERRM function in Oracle/PLSQL is: SQLERRM Parameters or Arguments There are no parameters or arguments for the SQLERRM function. If the parameter is FALSE (the default), the error replaces all previous errors. Get the Complete Oracle SQL Tuning Information The landmark book "Advanced Oracle SQL Tuning The Definitive Reference" is filled with valuable information on Oracle SQL Tuning. have a peek at this web-site
Every Oracle error has a number, but exceptions must be handled by name. Just add an exception handler to your PL/SQL block. The technique is: Encase the transaction in a sub-block. INVALID_NUMBER In a SQL statement, the conversion of a character string into a number fails because the string does not represent a valid number. (In procedural statements, VALUE_ERROR is raised.) This http://www.oracle.com/pls/db92/db92.error_search?prefill=ORA-
THEN -- handle the error WHEN OTHERS THEN -- handle all other errors END; If you want two or more exceptions to execute the same sequence of statements, list the exception In PL/SQL, the pragma EXCEPTION_INIT tells the compiler to associate an exception name with an Oracle error number. All legitimate Oracle experts publish their Oracle qualifications. Otherwise, DECODE returns the price-to-earnings ratio.
The pragma must appear somewhere after the exception declaration in the same declarative section, as shown in the following example: DECLARE deadlock_detected EXCEPTION; PRAGMA EXCEPTION_INIT(deadlock_detected, -60); BEGIN ... -- Some operation You might want to use a FOR or WHILE loop to limit the number of tries. ORA-00022: Invalid session ID; access denied ORA-00023: Session references process private memory; cann... Sql Error Codes For Oracle Found Databases SQL Oracle / PLSQL SQL Server MySQL MariaDB PostgreSQL SQLite MS Office Excel Access Word Web Development HTML CSS Color Picker Languages C Language More ASCII Table Linux UNIX Java
ORA-00065: Initialization of FIXED_DATE failed ORA-00067: Invalid value string for parameter string; must... DECLARE ---------- sub-block begins past_due EXCEPTION; BEGIN ... END; In this example, if the SELECT INTO statement raises a ZERO_DIVIDE exception, the local handler catches it and sets pe_ratio to zero. https://docs.oracle.com/cd/B28359_01/nav/lookup.htm?id=ERRMG ORA-00057: Maximum number of temporary table locks exceeded ORA-00058: DB_BLOCK_SIZE must be string to mount this data...
In the example below, you calculate and store a price-to-earnings ratio for a company with ticker symbol XYZ. Oracle Sql Return Codes But remember, an exception is an error condition, not a data item. The number that SQLCODE returns is negative unless the Oracle error is no data found, in which case SQLCODE returns +100. In the latter case, PL/SQL returns an unhandled exception error to the host environment.
To handle other Oracle errors, you can use the OTHERS handler. https://www.techonthenet.com/oracle/errors/ SQL aggregate functions such as AVG and SUM always return a value or a null. Oracle Sql Sqlcode IF number_on_hand < 1 THEN RAISE out_of_stock; END IF; EXCEPTION WHEN out_of_stock THEN -- handle the error END; You can also raise a predefined exception explicitly. Oracle Sqlerror Place the statement in its own sub-block with its own exception handlers.
The other internal exceptions can be given names. Type the Oracle Error code into the Search box to find the associated error: Or, browse the Oracle Error list below: ORA-00000: Normal, successful completion ORA-00001: Unique constraint However, exceptions cannot propagate across remote procedure calls (RPCs). Skip Headers Oracle SQL*Module for Ada Programmer's Guide 11g Release 1 (11.1) B31228-03 Contents Index Previous Next D SQLSTATE Codes This appendix contains a table of the SQLSTATE codes Oracle Sql Error Codes List
If you find an error or have a suggestion for improving our content, we would appreciate your feedback. Oracle Sql Commands EXCEPTION WHEN NO_DATA_FOUND THEN INSERT INTO errors VALUES ('Error in statement ' || stmt); END; Copyright © 1996, 2002 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.
So, only an OTHERS handler can catch the exception. In the following example, you call raise_application_error if an employee's salary is missing: CREATE PROCEDURE raise_salary (emp_id NUMBER, amount NUMBER) AS curr_sal NUMBER; BEGIN SELECT sal INTO curr_sal FROM emp WHERE EXCEPTION WHEN OTHERS THEN err_num := SQLCODE; err_msg := SUBSTR(SQLERRM, 1, 100); INSERT INTO errors VALUES (err_num, err_msg); END; The string function SUBSTR ensures that a VALUE_ERROR exception (for truncation) is Exception No Data Found Oracle In the following example, if the SELECT INTO statement raises ZERO_DIVIDE, you cannot resume with the INSERT statement: DECLARE pe_ratio NUMBER(3,1); BEGIN DELETE FROM stats WHERE symbol = 'XYZ'; SELECT price
In such cases, you must use dot notation to specify the predefined exception, as follows: EXCEPTION WHEN invalid_number OR STANDARD.INVALID_NUMBER THEN -- handle the error END; How PL/SQL Exceptions Are Raised In other words, you cannot resume processing where you left off. As the following example shows, use of the OTHERS handler guarantees that no exception will go unhandled: EXCEPTION WHEN ... PROGRAM_ERROR PL/SQL has an internal problem.
EXCEPTION WHEN OTHERS THEN -- cannot catch the exception ... For example, you might define an exception named insufficient_funds to flag overdrawn bank accounts. If the exception is ever raised in that block (or any sub-block), you can be sure it will be handled. Though they share the same name, the two past_due exceptions are different, just as the two acct_num variables share the same name but are different variables.
PL/SQL declares predefined exceptions globally in package STANDARD, which defines the PL/SQL environment. In procedural statements, VALUE_ERROR is raised if the conversion of a character string into a number fails. (In SQL statements, INVALID_NUMBER is raised.) ZERO_DIVIDE Your program attempts to divide a number SELECT ... ORA-00059: Maximum number of DB_FILES exceeded ORA-00060: Deadlock detected while waiting for resource ORA-00061: Another instance has a different DML_LOCKS setting ORA-00062: DML full-table lock cannot be acquired; DML_LOC...
So, PL/SQL predefines some common Oracle errors as exceptions.